The Northern Lights, also known as Aurora Borealis is a light display as a result of the collisions between charged particles released from the sun’s atmosphere and gaseous particles from the Earth’s atmosphere. Aurora light displays appear in variations of colours, from shades of green to red, yellow, blue and violet. However, green colour is the most common sight of Aurora.
The Aurora phenomena occurs at either poles because the Earth’s magnetic field is weaker, therefore some particles enter the earth’s atmosphere and collide with gas particles. Hence, the best location to view the Northern Lights is around the Arctic Circle which ranges from the Northern part of Canada, Alaska, the southern tip of Greenland and Iceland, and the northern coasts of Norway, Finland and Sweden.
As most Northern Lights display is quite a faint phenomena, darkness is always required. Hence the window to view the Northern Lights is usually from late September to March where the sky gets dark earlier. This will maximize the chances to view the Northern Lights. However, the best time of the year to view the light is in September and March (when the displays usually peak) due to the March and September Equinox. Aurora is usually most intense between 6pm and 4am, but the highest probability to view Aurora is between 10pm and 11pm.
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